With orthodontic treatment you can have not only a beautiful smile but also the ability to chew and healthy teeth. A healthy and beautiful smile is an important factor for a person to be perceived as smart, effective and a good communicator.
WHAT IS ORTHODONTICS?
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. The main purpose of Orthodontics is to prevent the occurrence of disorders in teeth, oral and maxillofacial region. Meanwhile, it is the expertise branch which aims at stopping the progression of the disorder available, to treat, to maintain oral health and to provide a good aesthetic function (biting, chewing, talking, laughing).
HOW DO ORTHODONTIC DISORDERS OCCUR?
- Due to hereditary factors,
- Congenital anomalies (lip, cleft palate etc)
- Malfunctions (mouth breathing etc)
- Harmful habits (thumb sucking, not using of pacifiers for a long time, etc)
- Early loss of teeth due to cavities,
- Gum problems (periodontologic problems) caused by movement of the teeth,
- as a result of not finding enough space of wisdom teeth,
- Lying shape,
- Teeth grinding or trauma as a result of falling or crashing.
WHY SHOULD ORTHODONTIC DISORDERS BE TREATED?
- To have a good facial aesthetics
- To have a nice smile
- To prevent the jaw joint disorders
- For people to bite the food, chew and speak effectively.
- To reduce susceptibility to gum disease and tooth decay
WHEN SHOULD ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT BE DONE?
Orthodontic treatment can be applied at any age. However, if there are problems especially related to the jaw area, in oerder to be able to fully benefit from the growth and development of adolescence, children are required to be examined before entering the adolescence (10-12 years). If necessary, the treatment should be started immediately.
For children aged 5-6 years, orthodontic examinations are very useful to detect early problems that can impair growth and development.
WHAT IS REQUIRED FOR ORTHODONTIC DIAGNOSIS AND PLANNING?
Some analyzes are required to be done for orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning before the treatment. Your dentist will determine the condition of the teeth in the jaw by analyzing cephalometric radiographs. Laughter analysis and profile analysis are done through the photograph. Besides, a model analysis is needed to determine if teeth have sufficient place or dental size anomalies.
WHAT IS PREVENTIVE ORTHODONTIC THERAPY?
The objective of this treatment is to prepare enough space for new teeth so that permanent teeth can stay properly. For this purpose, placeholders are prepared to protect the location of early lost deciduous teeth. Moreover, children who are prone to tooth decay are recommended to be followed by a paedodontist.
WHAT IS ORTHODONTIC PREVENTIVE THERAPY?
It is the treatments to prevent the problems due to the factors called bad habits such as tongue sucking,finger sucking, abnormal swallowing, or to prepare room for permanent teeth by producing a variety of mobile devices.
WHAT IS CONSTANT ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT?
After the permanent teeth grow after ages of 12-13, orthodontic treatment is carried out with brackets, which are adhered to teeth and kept there during the treatment, and the wire which passes through these brackets. Some dental disorders allow the implementation of brackets on the internal surface of the tooth, so it may be completely invisible (lingual orthodontics). Constant orthodontic treatment can be applied to patients of all ages with healthy teeth and gums. In order to maintain the obtained results of treatment, it is necessary to reinforce with various passive devices and requires treatment with externally invisible wire for a long-term.